Reading Research Limitations

Language processing schema.
Is far from “Reading.”
Without semantic input —
Deep structures application.

About this poem

A Newsworthy article on Science dated 14 April 2022 announces: “There’s a Strange New Discovery About The Brain Structures Involved in Reading Skill.” The article elaborates on this headline claim by stating that “Our ability to look at abstract symbols [e.g., the array, order, spacing, and combining of letters of the alphabet, arranged and sequenced on a page] and map them onto sounds is one of the key skills for becoming a competent reader. In the academic world, this is known as phonological processing. ” The report continues to refer to brain asymmetry and cerebral lateralization. All of these examples are provided by and buttressed by empirical research data, amplified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to scan brain activity of subjects during reading, described as phonological decoding. What is missing in this report, and is highly essential to an understanding of reading, is that mere phonological decoding (the “sounding out” or articulation) of abstract surface structure symbols is insufficient to qualify as reading (i.e. “interpretation”), which requires a decoding of both the phonological representation of abstract symbols on a page, as well as their semantic input at deep structural levels of representation involving the reader’s native or near-native fluency of and familiarity with the cultural, and historical background of the symbols within a contextual framework. Empirical research in reading that ignores the metaphysical deep structural aspects of language, may be aptly described as phonological language processing of the brain structures involved in reading, but not reading per se. 

Font size:
Collection  PDF     

Written on April 20, 2022

Submitted by karlcfolkes on April 20, 2022

Modified on March 05, 2023

5 sec read

Quick analysis:

Scheme ABCDE
Closest metre Iambic trimeter
Characters 124
Words 18
Stanzas 1
Stanza Lengths 5

Karl Constantine FOLKES

Retired educator of Jamaican ancestry with a lifelong interest in composing poetry dealing particularly with the metaphysics of self-reflection; completed a dissertation in Children’s Literature in 1991 at New York University entitled: An Analysis of Wilhelm Grimm’s ‘Liebe Mili’ (translated into English as “Dear Mili”), Employing Von Franzian Methodological Processes of Analytical Psychology. The subject of the dissertation concerned the process of Individuation. more…

All Karl Constantine FOLKES poems | Karl Constantine FOLKES Books

61 fans

Discuss the poem Reading Research Limitations with the community...



    Find a translation for this poem in other languages:

    Select another language:

    • - Select -
    • 简体中文 (Chinese - Simplified)
    • 繁體中文 (Chinese - Traditional)
    • Español (Spanish)
    • Esperanto (Esperanto)
    • 日本語 (Japanese)
    • Português (Portuguese)
    • Deutsch (German)
    • العربية (Arabic)
    • Français (French)
    • Русский (Russian)
    • ಕನ್ನಡ (Kannada)
    • 한국어 (Korean)
    • עברית (Hebrew)
    • Gaeilge (Irish)
    • Українська (Ukrainian)
    • اردو (Urdu)
    • Magyar (Hungarian)
    • मानक हिन्दी (Hindi)
    • Indonesia (Indonesian)
    • Italiano (Italian)
    • தமிழ் (Tamil)
    • Türkçe (Turkish)
    • తెలుగు (Telugu)
    • ภาษาไทย (Thai)
    • Tiếng Việt (Vietnamese)
    • Čeština (Czech)
    • Polski (Polish)
    • Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian)
    • Românește (Romanian)
    • Nederlands (Dutch)
    • Ελληνικά (Greek)
    • Latinum (Latin)
    • Svenska (Swedish)
    • Dansk (Danish)
    • Suomi (Finnish)
    • فارسی (Persian)
    • ייִדיש (Yiddish)
    • հայերեն (Armenian)
    • Norsk (Norwegian)
    • English (English)


    Use the citation below to add this poem to your bibliography:


    "Reading Research Limitations" STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 14 Jun 2024. <>.

    Become a member!

    Join our community of poets and poetry lovers to share your work and offer feedback and encouragement to writers all over the world!

    June 2024

    Poetry Contest

    Join our monthly contest for an opportunity to win cash prizes and attain global acclaim for your talent.

    Special Program

    Earn Rewards!

    Unlock exciting rewards such as a free mug and free contest pass by commenting on fellow members' poems today!



    Are you a poetry master?

    Who wrote the poem, "The cask of Amontillado"?
    A Rudyard Kipling
    B Edgar Allan Poe
    C Miguel De Cervantes
    D Emily Dickinson